Portugal has a long and rich history. Here is a quick rundown of some of its most significant events:

1910 – A revolution ends in the abdication of King Manuel II. In the aftermath Portugal becomes a republic.

1916-18 – Portugal participates in WWI, fighting on the side of the Allies.

1926 – A military coup ends with General Antonio de Fragoso Carmona becoming president.

1939-45 – Portugal maintains a neutral stance throughout WWII. However, they do allow the United Kingdom to use air bases for military purposes in Azores.

1949 – Portugal becomes one of the founding members of Nato.

1955 – Portugal becomes a member of the United Nations.

1974-75 – The Portuguese colonies of Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome, Cape Verde Islands and Principe attain independent status.

Portugal then receives a large number of expatriates from these former colonies.

1982 – The restoration of a civilian government after the abolition of the Military Council of the Revolution.

1986 – Portugal joins as member of the EEC (which would later become the European Union.)

2002 – The currency escudo is replaced by the Euro.

2007 – Portugal takes over the presidency of the European Union.


Portugal has grown from a small republic to one of the most influential nation states in the world. It has suffered tragedies in the past. In 2003 and 2005 wildfires caused widespread damage that ended up costing billions. However the country continues to thrive and endure.

It has risen from the ashes of hard times into the holiday destination it is today. All tourists can find something of interest for them when exploring Portugal’s vast and varied history. There are stories and artifacts that are bound to arouse the excitement of people both young and old.

Most tourist destinations in Portuguese towns and cities will have places where history leaflets can be provided.